The Power of
Is Stupidity Growing?
Giancarlo Livraghi August 2006
anche in italiano también en español
That can be a silly question. And there are some silly answers. I dont know who started spreading the idea that «The sum of intelligence on the planet is a constant, while the population is growing» but the fact is that its being repeated here and there and, quite surprisingly, it isnt meant to be just a joke. It has also become a dogma of self-appointed groups of (so they say) super intelligent people.
While we can reasonably assume (though we have no way of proving it) that the percentage of stupidity is a constant (as discussed in The Power of Stupidity and The Stupidity of Power) it is nonsensical to believe that a small (and proportionally decreasing) number of people has a monopoly of intelligence and everyone else is stupid.
This peculiar way of thinking has not, so far, become the tool of a dominating oligarchy, but its a widespread habit of people in power to assume (or pretend) that they have some sort of superior intelligence and its even worse when the rest of the people are lulled into believing that it might be true.
In Cyril Kornbluths science fiction story The Marching Morons (1951) a character is unfrozen from cryogenic storage in a future populated by a vast majority of idiots. He becomes a leader of the intelligent minority When faced with the problem of moron overpopulation, he sets up a network of tour operators offering wonderful holidays on Venus and embarking masses of inferior people on ships to be lost in space. At the end of the story he becomes a victim of his own scheme. Its unlikely that we are heading for any such future, but we are facing some very serious problems caused by human stupidity.
It is just as silly to ask if human intelligence is growing though some so-called scientific studies say that it is. We have no reliable way of measuring or comparing intelligence. This isnt just because there is no clear definition of what it is, and IQ standards are questionable if not totally meaningless. Even if we had a reliable yardstick (that we dont have) no such analysis is wide enough, by length of time, number of people and variety of culture, to be more than a fruitless academic exercise or a subjective and vague opinion.
Getting into the details of those studies would be as boring as it is irrelevant. Its pretty obvious that if we try to measure what was a level of intelligence by criteria based on todays environment, we will automatically find that the average was lower. As the criteria are basically influenced by educational standards, ironically a country with a higher level of literacy ten or twenty years ago has a relatively poor improvement score. Such ridiculous mistakes have actually happened.
So can we set all this aside as pointless? Not quite. Its worth some comment.
Anthropology, in one way or another, defines intelligence as a characteristic of a human being. But, even before we chose the arrogant definition sapiens to separate our species from other humanoids there have always been doubts abut the actual sapience of our kin and our ability to understand, learn and improve. We made it worse when we doubled the definition, calling sapiens sapiens our particular breed, as separate from other humans who, as far as we can tell by tracing their behavior, werent necessarily more stupid that we are.
Its a fact that science, especially in the last four centuries, and even more so in recent years, has largely expanded the frontiers of knowledge. That is as fascinating as it is bewildering. Our perceptions are potentially more advanced, but perspect.htm perspectives are often biased. There is no way of telling if this is making us more intelligent (or more confused and therefore more stupid.)
On the other hand, large and small events confirm, every day, the dismal effects of human stupidity. Many problems are going from bad to worse. But what may appear as the good old times wasnt as good as nostalgia, sometimes, is dreaming. Simplistic as that is, its reasonably practical to assume that we are as stupid as we have ever been. The sheer fact that our species has, so far, survived and expanded, in spite of its appalling mistakes, proves that we are not completely stupid. But its painfully obvious that our resources arent good enough for the state of evolution in which we are now.
The problem is in the environment. The number of people has increased much faster than it ever did in past history. Transport and communication have made us more invasive, while we havent had the time (or the vision) to adjust to these circumstances.
Human development has always changed the environment. But, as long as people were few and far apart, when resources were exploited, destroyed or poisoned they could just move to somewhere else. Now we can no longer depend on such nearsighted behavior.
Of course there are problems of cultural environment that are a serious as the physical state of that thin layer on the surface of our planet that is the world where we live.
Some people are nostalgic about stupidity. Thirty years ago an ironic, but seriously critical, Italian writer, Leonardo Sciascia, wrote: «A sort of melancholy, and regret, seizes us every time we meet a sophisticated, adulterated idiot. Oh the nice fools of yestertime! Genuine, natural. Like homemade bread.»
Strangely enough, there are other writers, in recent years, saying the same sort of thing. Of course they are joking, but there is a fairly widespread feeling that stupidity is becoming more devious. That isnt really changing it has always been so. But the abundance of information is making it more obvious.
Four hundred years earlier, Michel de Montaigne summarized the problem quite clearly. «Nobody is exempt from saying stupid things, the harm is to do it presumptuously.» There is nothing new in the abundance of presumptuous idiots. We are just more often aware of their presence (and the results of what they are doing, not only saying.)
See Stupidity isn harmless for some comments by Ennio Flaiano. The pompous ass, of course, has aways been a well known character, as we learn from comedy and tragedy, history and irony, thousands of years ago. But the fast contact that we now have with remote environments, while its basically an interesting and stimulating resource, can make it more difficult to tell the difference between meaningful culture and unfamiliar nonsense.
There is a real danger that so frequent evidence of how people who are supposed to be bright and wise are awfully stupid can lead us to resignation and selfishness. But it doesnt work. The tide of stupidity will catch up with our little raft no matter where we think its drifting.
* * *
For lack of any better criterion, lets stay with the postulate that the stupidity factor is a constant in humankind. So stupidity is growing because there are more of us. And, just as infectious diseases and destructive pests can travel on airplanes, the contagion of stupidity rides the fast waves of worldwide communication.
In other words, we are not becoming more (or less) stupid, but the power of stupidity is increasing. The problem is in the vastness of the consequences, that has never been so large and in the speed of their multiplication. We cant uproot stupidity. But, the more we understand it, the closer we can get to reducing its impact. And that is why its worth thinking quite seriously about this subject.